The state geographically has 3 principal regions: the coastal region of Karavali, the hilly Malenadu region comprising the Western Ghats, and the Bayaluseeme region, comprising the plains of the Deccan plateau. Two sub-clusters in the Western Ghats, viz. The Halmidi inscription, the earliest attested full-length inscription in the Kannada language and script, dates from 450 CE, while the earliest available literary work, the Kavirajamarga, has been dated to 850 CE. Kannada, one of the classical languages of India, is the most widely spoken and official language of the state. The official emblem of Karnataka has a Ganda Berunda in the centre. Over a span of nearly six centuries, several saints and mystics helped shape the culture, philosophy, and art of South India and Karnataka in particular by exerting considerable spiritual influence over the masses and kingdoms that ruled South India. [30][31] Parts of modern-day Southern Karnataka (Gangavadi) were occupied by the Chola Empire at the turn of the 11th century. There are Tibetan refugee camps in Karnataka. Ltd. It is the sixth largest Indian state by area. To maximise attendance in schools, the Karnataka Government has launched a mid-day meal scheme in government and aided schools in which free lunch is provided to the students.[138]. As of December 2017, the state has installed an estimated 2.2 gigawatts of block solar panelling and in January 2018 announced a tender to generate a further 1.2 gigawatts in the coming years: Karnataka Renewable Energy Development suggests that this will be based on 24 separate systems (or 'blocks') generating 50 megawatts each. [16][17], Prior to the third century BCE, most of Karnataka formed part of the Nanda Empire before coming under the Mauryan empire of Emperor Ashoka. SOP For Colleges In Karnataka That Are Set To Reopen From 17th November 2020, Mantri Primus Reflection – Luxury Senior Living In Bangalore, Karnataka Engineering College Admissions – Government Introduces New Rules, Hampi Utsav 2020 – Activities and Schedules and Venues, Digital Sub Registrar Offices In Karnataka – What Are The Services Available Online. of villages, total village population, total households and area covered by the state of Karnataka District-wise List of all Villages in Karnataka However, Kitturu was taken over by the British East India Company even before the doctrine was officially articulated by Lord Dalhousie in 1848. New Delhi: S. Chand & Co, p. 357. The Mysore school of painting has produced painters like Sundarayya, Tanjavur Kondayya, B. Venkatappa and Keshavayya. [129]Tulu Mahabharato, written by Arunabja in the Tigalari script, is the oldest surviving Tulu text. 168. The ruins of the Vijayanagara Empire at Hampi and the monuments of Pattadakal are on the list of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. Among sweets, Mysore Pak, Karadantu of Gokak and Amingad, Belgaavi Kunda and Dharwad pedha are popular. Karnataka is one of the State/UT in India, find the state complete info such as no. [11][12][13], Though several etymologies have been suggested for the name Karnataka, the generally accepted one is that Karnataka is derived from the Kannada words karu and nādu, meaning "elevated land". 2005. See. Sectoral development in the districts is looked after by the district head of each development department such as Public Works Department, Health, Education, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, etc. The Indian State of Karnataka is divided into 30 districts and 4 administrative divisions. In the early 14th century, Harihara and Bukka Raya established the Vijayanagara empire with its capital, Hosapattana (later named Vijayanagara), on the banks of the Tungabhadra River in the modern Bellary district. [80] The total lengths of National Highways and State Highways in Karnataka are 3,973 and 9,829 kilometres (2,469 and 6,107 mi), respectively. [85] A BloombergQuint article argues Karnataka to be India's most prosperous state citing many reasons. Entisols, Inceptisols, Mollisols, Spodosols, Alfisols, Ultisols, Oxisols, Aridisols, Vertisols, Andisols and Histosols. [161], Wild animals that are found in Karnataka include the elephant, the tiger, the leopard, the gaur, the sambar deer, the chital or spotted deer, the muntjac, the bonnet macaque, the slender loris, the common palm civet, the small Indian civet, the sloth bear, the dhole, the striped hyena, the Bengal fox and the golden jackal. Evidence from edicts during the time of Ashoka (reigned 274–232 BCE) suggest that Buddhist literature influenced the Kannada script and its literature. Carnatic music'). But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Notified Area Committee/Council with Outgrowth. President: Mr. N ... Bagalkot is located in the northern part of the Indian state of Karnataka. [46] With the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, Haidar Ali, the commander-in-chief of the Mysore army, gained control of the region. Foekema, Gerard [2003] (2003). 10, 105.). Talacauvery and Kudremukh, both in Karnataka, are on the tentative list of World Heritage Sites of UNESCO. There are 30 districts in Karnataka. The government of Karnataka is headed by the Chief Minister who is chosen by the ruling party members of the Legislative Assembly. Karnataka also contains some of the only villages in India where Sanskrit is primarily spoken. [98], A majority of the silk industry in India is headquartered in Karnataka, much of it in Doddaballapura in Bangalore Rural district and the state government intends to invest ₹700 million (equivalent to ₹1.2 billion or US$16 million in 2019) in a "Silk City" at Muddenahalli in Chikkaballapura district. [37][38], In 1565, Karnataka and the rest of South India experienced a major geopolitical shift when the Vijayanagara empire fell to a confederation of Islamic sultanates in the Battle of Talikota. [96] The coastal districts of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada have a branch for every 500 persons—the best distribution of banks in India. Significantly, about 60% of the state is composed of the Archean complex which consist of gneisses, granites and charnockite rocks. ↑ Note: This date means the day when the district was initially formed, even before the formation of the state of Karnataka(Mysuru). Many regions of Karnataka are as yet unexplored, so new species of flora and fauna are found periodically. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 22:02. [88] A total of 12.31 million hectares of land, or 64.6% of the state's total area, is cultivated. [140] Udupi, Sringeri, Gokarna and Melkote are well-known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning. In 2011–2012, Karnataka had an estimated poverty ratio of 20.91% compared to the national ratio of 21.92%. According to the 2011 census of India,[67] the total population of Karnataka was 61,095,297 of which 30,966,657 (50.7%) were male and 30,128,640 (49.3%) were female, or 1000 males for every 973 females. About 38,724 km2 (14,951 sq mi) of Karnataka (i.e. Ramanujacharya, the leading expounder of Vishishtadvaita, spent many years in Melkote. According to tradition, Madhvacharya is believed to be the third incarnation of Vayu (Mukhyaprana), after Hanuman and Bhima. The two main river systems of the state are the Krishna and its tributaries, the Bhima, Ghataprabha, Vedavathi, Malaprabha and Tungabhadra in North Karnataka, and the Kaveri and its tributaries, the Hemavati, Shimsha, Arkavati, Lakshmana Thirtha and Kabini, in South Karnataka. These officers belong to the various state services. Chandrasekhar, E. A. S. Prasanna, Anil Kumble, Javagal Srinath, Rahul Dravid, Venkatesh Prasad, Robin Uthappa, Vinay Kumar, Gundappa Vishwanath, Syed Kirmani, Stuart Binny, K. L. Rahul, Mayank Agarwal, Manish Pandey, Karun Nair, Ashwini Ponnappa, Mahesh Bhupathi, Rohan Bopanna, Prakash Padukone who won the All England Badminton Championships in 1980 and Pankaj Advani who has won three world titles in cue sports by the age of 20 including the amateur World Snooker Championship in 2003 and the World Billiards Championship in 2005. [73] However, the constitutional and formal head of the state is the Governor who is appointed for a five-year term by the President of India on the advice of the Union government. 332–337. Purandaradasa is widely recognised as the "Pithamaha" of Carnatic Music for his immense contribution.