But there does seem to be a close, logical connection between the first independent clause (I’m thinking of skipping English class) and the second independent clause (it’s really boring). Comma splices are similar to run-on sentences, which join two independent clauses without any punctuation and without a coordinating conjunction such as and, but for, etc. A main clause provides a complete thought, so readers should not find a wimpy comma struggling to join two such powerful clauses. Sometimes, a comma splice creates just the right rhythm. What is a run-on sentence? Some authors use commas to separate short clauses only. This kind of conjunction is known as a coordination conjunction. Or you could make two sentences, especially if you want to sound blunt. Definition: A comma splice consists of two or more independent clauses that follow one another and are incorrectly linked together only with a comma (or commas). They contain more than one independent clause joined incorrectly. That’s it! The coordinating conjunction Again, this example has two independent clauses. For instance, if the two independent clauses in question are very short, or if one is trying to express opposite statements, a comma splice may be used. The Comma Splice Recognize a comma splice when you find one. [4], Comma splices often arise when writers use conjunctive adverbs (such as furthermore, however, or moreover) to separate two independent clauses instead of using a coordinating conjunction. Here’s an example: How can you tell that’s a comma splice? A comma splice is particular kind of comma mistake that happens when you use a comma to join two independent clauses. Done ignorantly by ignorant people, it is awful. [1] The comma splice is more commonly found in works from the 18th and 19th century, when written prose mimicked speech more closely.[7]. For example: It is nearly half past five, we cannot reach town before dark.[a]. [8], Journalist Oliver Kamm writes of novelist Jane Austen's use of the comma splice, "Tastes in punctuation are not constant. Home » The Writer’s Dictionary » What is a Comma Splice? And in poetry, of course, the rules are even more relaxed. Grammarly provides real-time suggestions wherever you write. Are you getting the hang of it? You have been successfully subscribed to the Grammarly blog. This is easier said than done. Now you’re ready to get out there and use your commas with confidence. There are three common ways to fix a comma splice. The original 1918 edition of The Elements of Style by William Strunk Jr. advises using a semicolon,[5] not a comma, to join two grammatically complete clauses, except when the clauses are "very short" and "similar in form", for example: The gate swung apart, the bridge fell, the portcullis was drawn up.[5]. Correct: We went to the store, and we bought apples. Some authorities on English usage consider comma splices appropriate in limited situations, such as informal writing or with short similar phrases. Let’s look at a new example: One way to fix a comma splice is to add a conjunction immediately after the comma. What is a Comma Splice? Murdoch). A comma splice is a grammatical error and a misuse of the comma. This is the error: Main Clause + , + Main Clause. Sentences with subordinate clauses often lend themselves to lengthier structures. Other errors can create run-on sentences, as well. Sometimes the two types of sentences are treated differently based on the presence or absence of a comma, but most writers consider the comma splice as a special type of run-on sentence. In English grammar, a comma splice or comma fault[1][2] is the use of a comma to join two independent clauses. Learn to recognize what comma splices look like, and be sure to avoid them in your essays. A fused sentence is a sentence that contains two main clauses but lacks a punctuation mark or a conjunction to join them. When you have two independent clauses, a comma is not strong enough to glue them together. Incorrect: We went to the store we bought apples. A comma splice is particular kind of comma mistake that happens when you use a comma to join two independent clauses. Did you notice that this group of words can stand by itself as a complete sentence? Definition, Examples of Comma Splices. Joining sentences with however, moreover, etc. The comma splice is sometimes used in literary writing to convey a particular mood of informality. If you decide to use a semicolon, make sure there is a close, logical connection between the two independent clauses. Foremost, a writer should not join two independent clauses unless he is sure he is doing so correctly. This example has two independent clauses, one on each side of the comma. That means it’s an independent clause.