/Resources << >> /Type /Page 2. /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /D [ 212 0 R /XYZ 0 549.6 0 ] << endobj 199 0 obj >> >> /Type /Page /MediaBox [ 0 0 504 648 ] endobj >> /Subtype /TrueType /Contents 83 0 R >> << 175 0 obj endobj 333 400 500 320 320 333 647 628 250 333 320 333 500 807 807 807 444 778 778 778 778 /im5 19 0 R /Type /Page /Contents 183 0 R /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC ] /im5 19 0 R /D [ 206 0 R /XYZ 0 421.2 0 ] /im5 19 0 R << /F2 21 0 R /Parent 530 0 R /Font << 425 0 obj 4662 >> endobj 356 278 759 600 437 486 523 262 523 523 523 523 500 500 500 833 304 435 833 331 833 /Contents 345 0 R 4782 /Contents 50 0 R /Parent 3 0 R /F3 22 0 R /Type /Page /XObject << /F1 15 0 R >> 335 0 obj >> /BaseFont /BJREOU+PalatinoLinotype,Bold 611 0 obj /Next 532 0 R endobj /XObject << 538 0 obj endobj /F3 22 0 R >> /Type /Page /MediaBox [ 0 0 504 648 ] /Prev 548 0 R >> endobj /MediaBox [ 0 0 504 648 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 504 648 ] 4501 /F3 22 0 R << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC ] The larger purpose of The Death of a Prophet exceeds the mere possibility of adjusting the date of Muhammad's death by a few years; far more important to Shoemaker are questions about the manner in which Islamic origins should be studied. /F3 22 0 R However, taking the Qurʾān as a historical source is a stance that has been disputed by numerous scholars on many different grounds. endobj /MediaBox [ 0 0 504 648 ] /Parent 3 0 R 549 0 obj /F3 22 0 R endobj 600 0 obj /Contents 35 0 R /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC ] /Subtype /TrueType /S /GoTo 487 0 obj /F1 15 0 R /Next 534 0 R << endobj The study is qualitative in nature, in which the researcher employed both critical and analytical analysis on Islamic sources related to the subject. /MediaBox [ 0 0 504 648 ] /F3 22 0 R /F2 21 0 R /XObject << << >> << /MediaBox [ 0 0 504 648 ] endobj /Type /Page /im5 19 0 R >> /S /GoTo /Title (�� T H E S P I R I T O F F A S T I N G) /Resources << /MediaBox [ 0 0 504 648 ] endobj 32 0 obj >> /F6 34 0 R >> /XObject << /Title (�� 2 . /im5 19 0 R /F3 22 0 R >> /Flags 32 /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC ] 485 0 obj endobj >> /CapHeight 1050 /MediaBox [ 0 0 504 648 ] Most of his early life was spent as a merchant. endobj /F2 21 0 R >> << /Type /Page >> >> /F3 22 0 R /Producer (pdfFactory Pro 3.22 \(Windows XP Professional\)) /Prev 556 0 R /D [ 151 0 R /XYZ 0 272.4 0 ] /F6 34 0 R /S /GoTo /Resources << >> /F4 23 0 R This actions clearly exhibit the court's patronage of ḥadīth discourse. /Parent 530 0 R /XObject << >> 4000 4586 /MediaBox [ 0 0 504 648 ] But when he died, Abu Bakr, the khalifa, and Umar, his adviser, seized the estate on the plea that prophets do not bequeath any property to their own children, and whatever wealth they possess, belongs, after their death, not to their children, but to their umma (the people). /im5 19 0 R /Type /Page endobj 4241 /Subtype /Image 1 0 obj << >> /F2 21 0 R 4470 /S /GoTo << << 35182 >> endobj >> >> >> /Contents 213 0 R /Parent 3 0 R << Everyone else in the umma has the right to inherit the wealth and property of one's father but not the daughter of Muhammad, the Messenger of God! /F3 22 0 R /Contents 333 0 R >> endobj /Contents 219 0 R >> endobj /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 297 0 R << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC ] /Parent 3 0 R /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC ] >> /F6 34 0 R >> >> 120 0 obj /F2 21 0 R 518 0 obj /Type /Page endobj /Font << << /BaseFont /BJREOS+CenturyGothic >> /Font << 473 0 obj /F4 23 0 R /Parent 3 0 R /Parent 3 0 R /Widths [ 262 262 288 769 523 613 611 149 264 264 500 833 262 331 262 278 523 523 523 523 /F4 23 0 R endobj /MediaBox [ 0 0 504 648 ] << /Type /Page /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC ] /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC ] 292 0 obj /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC ] /im5 19 0 R << /F6 34 0 R >> /Font << /Type /Page /F4 23 0 R >> /FirstChar 32 /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R endobj 545 0 obj /Parent 3 0 R /Resources << /Resources <<