It covered a relatively smaller area lying between the Indus and the Sutlej rivers. The region had numerous migration by the Indo-Aryan peoples. Multibhashi’s Punjabi-English Dictionary will help you find the meaning of different words from Punjabi to English like the meaning of Sanadara, The Meaning of Mōhaka and from English to Punjabi like the meaning of Awesome, The meaning of Adorable etc. [32], The climate is a factor contributing to the economy of the Punjab. The Afghan forces of Durrani Empire (also known as the Afghan Empire), under the command of Ahmad Shah Durrani, entered Punjab in 1749, and captured Punjab—with Lahore being governed by Pashtuns—and Kashmir regions. The newly created state of Sind, encompassing part of the Punjab, brought Islamic rule to the region for the first time. Assist the consignee if necessary in warehousing and distribution. [43] The Punjab bore the brunt of the civil unrest following the end of the British Raj, with casualties estimated to be in the millions. During the transitional period from winter to the hot season, sudden hailstorms and heavy showers may occur, causing damage to crops.[34]. The geographical definition of the term "Punjab" has changed over time. In the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Sikh rulers backed the East India Company, providing troops and support. In the 16th century, during the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar, the term Punjab was synonymous with the Lahore province. [50], The agricultural output of the Punjab region in Pakistan contributes significantly to Pakistan's GDP. The remainder of the Punjab at this time was governed by the Hindu Shahis and local Rajputs. The main religion of the Pakistani Punjab region is Islam. The current version has audio-visual courses and quizzes to learn English from almost all Indian languages and vice versa. [citation needed]. The vast majority of Pakistani Punjabis are Sunni Muslim by faith, but also include large minority faiths, such as Shia Muslim, Ahmadis, Hinduism, Sikhism and Christians. [2], The 19th century definition of the Punjab region focuses on the collapse of the Sikh Empire and the creation of the British Punjab province between 1846 and 1849. The two main religions of the Indian Punjab region are Sikhism and Hinduism. Punjab (Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬ; Shahmukhi: پنجاب; /pʌnˈdʒɑːb/, /-ˈdʒæb/; /ˈpʌndʒɑːb/, /-dʒæb/; Punjabi: [pənˈdʒaːb] (listen); also romanised as Panjāb or Panj-Āb)[a] is a geopolitical, cultural, and historical region in South Asia, specifically in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, comprising areas of eastern Pakistan and northern India. WordReference English-Spanish Dictionary © 2020: Forum discussions with the word(s) "whom" in the title: In other languages: French | Italian | Portuguese | Romanian | German | Dutch | Swedish | Russian | Polish | Czech | Greek | Turkish | Chinese | Japanese | Korean | Arabic. Using the 1947 definition of the Punjab region, some of the major cities of the area include Lahore, Faisalabad, Ludhiana and Amritsar. [55], Three Punjab cities – Bathinda, Patiala and Ferozepur – featured in the list of top 100 clean cities of India in the Swachh Survekshan report released in August 2020. As a result of several invasions from Central Asia and the Middle East, many ethnic groups and religions make up the cultural heritage of the Punjab. It is not uniform over the whole region, with the sections adjacent to the Himalayas receiving heavier rainfall than those at a distance. [53], Called "The Granary of India" or "The Bread Basket of India," Indian Punjab produces 1% of the world's rice, 2% of its wheat, and 2% of its cotton. The epic battles described in the Mahabharata are described as being fought in what is now the State of Haryana and historic Punjab. [37] Menander carved out a Greek kingdom in the Punjab and ruled the region till his death in 130 BCE. Punjabis celebrate different festivals based on their following culture, season and religion: Traditional Punjabi clothing differs depending on the region. The 1947 definition defines the Punjab region with reference to the dissolution of British India, whereby the then British Punjab Province was partitioned between what would become India and Pakistan. [2] In British India, until the Partition of India in 1947, the Punjab Province encompassed the present-day Indian states and union territories of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh and Delhi and the Pakistani regions of Punjab and Islamabad Capital Territory. The Multibhashi app helps you to learn English from Punjabi. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 100 million native speakers worldwide. In prehistoric times, one of the earliest known cultures of South Asia, the Indus Valley Civilisation was located in the region. Is something important missing? Other religious groups are Christianity, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, and Ravidassia. The Ghaznavids, a Persianate Muslim dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin,[39][b][40] reigned until 1186 when they were defeated and replaced by the Ghurid dynasty of Iranian descent from the Ghor region of present-day central Afghanistan.[41]. Sind would later be governed by the Abbasid Caliphate, before fragmenting into five smaller kingdoms, one of which was based in Multan. According to this definition, the Punjab region incorporates, in today's Pakistan, Azad Kashmir including Bhimber and Mirpur[20] and parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (especially Peshawar,[21] known in the Punjab region as Pishore). The Punjab region was the cradle for the Indus Valley Civilisation. Menander I Soter ("Menander I the Saviour"; known as Milinda in Indian sources) is the most renowned leader of the era, he conquered the Punjab and made Sagala the capital of his Empire. whom - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. "(objective of who) a quién loc prnl locución pronominal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como pronombre ("alguno que otro", "con quien", "el que"). The boundaries of the region are ill-defined and focus on historical accounts. Both east and west Punjab produce a relatively high proportion of India and Pakistan's food output respectively. This is the reason why English is the second language learned by most of the people. Also see the translation in Punjabi or translation in English, synonyms, antonyms, related words, image and pronunciation for helping spoken English improvement or spoken Punjabi improvement. Createspace Independent Pub, 2014, sfn error: no target: CITEREFLeviSela2010 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFBosworth1963 (, Last edited on 12 November 2020, at 04:25, List of cities in the Punjab region by population, "Punjab, bread basket of India, hungers for change", "Columbia Water Center Released New Whitepaper: "Restoring Groundwater in Punjab, India's Breadbasket" – Columbia Water Center", "Pakistan flood: Sindh braces as water envelops southern Punjab", River Sarasvati was a Himalayn-born river, Commentatio Geographica atque Historica de Pentapotamia Indica, "Pakistan Geotagging: Partition of Punjab in 1947", https://www.omniglot.com/writing/punjabi.htm, "Census Reference Tables, C-Series Population by religious communities", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Punjab-The Leader in Agricultural Sector, Agriculture Today, 2013", "Punjab second richest state in country: CII", Provincial Accounts of Pakistan: Methodology and Estimates 1973–2000, "Punjab govt to identify poorest among unemployed in villages: Amarinder Singh", "Bathinda cleanest in Punjab, but slips to 79th ranking", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjab&oldid=988271434, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, the north-western region, separated from the central plain by the, 1911: Parts of Delhi separated from Punjab Province.