© 2009-2020 The Constructor. The drawing process is the same as in Excel. Spend as much time on it as you need to get a good feel for your project. Copyright © 2008-2020 Cinergix Pty Ltd (Australia). — can now be given into the hands of a team of engineers. This would result in extra cost and effort — and possibly in a project delay.
Recognize the distinct nature of the broad activity, Estimate the time and cost required for an activity, Portray the entire scope of the activity, all the deliverables, and milestones. Note that there’s also a work package called project management. You can also ask me any further questions you may have. As you’ve probably noticed, the numbering system matches the hierarchical structure. Different coding arrangements are available but use the one which suits the organization or product structure for reporting and control. Don’t fall into the perfectionist trap though. Justified Logic: The structure of the WBS should be rational and easy to understand. XMind: My second favorite is XMind. In the PMBOK, WBS is defined as “a deliverable-oriented hierarchical decomposition of the work to be executed by the project team to accomplish the project objectives and create the required deliverables.”. If you are unclear about the scope, talk to the customer or project sponsor. It is used to identify all project deliverables and necessary activities. As I wrote before, the main reason for creating a work breakdown structure is to understand what tasks and deliverables a project has to take care of. Cost breakdown, time-phased, profit-center, etc. The phase-oriented Work Breakdown Structure is also referred to as Verb-oriented, Activity or Task-oriented, or Process-oriented WBS. The items on the lowest level — vertical and horizontal steering systems, stabilization systems etc. You therefore would not have to plan the engine’s assembly down to the last screw. Therefore, you would not need an ice-resistant hull that a vessel roaming the arctic sea would need.
So far we’ve talked about why work breakdown structures are useful, how to create them and what level of detail you should aim for. Read More: Project Management Techniques- PERT, CPM and Gantt ChartRead More: How to Estimate Duration of Activities in Construction. Figure 2 is an example of a Phase-Based WBS for the same project. To do so, a code can be given to all the tasks. The WBS makes the deliverables more concrete and precise so that all stakeholders are able to understand what has to be accomplished. There’s no general rule, but there are a two questions you can ask yourself to see whether you’ve gone down the rabbit hole deep enough: Remember: A WBS is supposed to help you. How to use agile in manufacturing: Expert shares his playbook. This is all important information. It’s also a complex tool to use and the license is quite expensive. You get the point. Sign Up to The Constructor to ask questions, answer questions, write articles, and connect with other people. All rights reserved. On that note, let’s look at some work breakdown structure examples. When you’re getting involved in project management and start to study the literature, there’s a term you often come across.
Supports over 40+ diagram types and has 1000’s of professionally drawn templates. are some other types of WBS. Being specific would mean you list all those restaurants by their name in the WBS: What you absolutely want to avoid is missing to include any important elements.
The project deliverables are defined in terms of actions to be taken to attain the final product. An activity shouldn’t be repeated twice in a WBS. Conclusion: The scope determines the content and depth of a WBS. The current cost is around $5 per month. This is where you define the exact steps and timelines for all work. How to Design a Two-Way Continuous Slab as per Indian Standards? Speaking about a project plan, you may be asking yourself: Very simple. A deliverable basically is the end result or product of a task. Knowing your scope matters also for another reason: The scope also states what does NOT fall into your project’s responsibility. Also, the chart doesn’t look as clean as in Visio because Excel doesn’t automatically enforce identical node sizes.
Study the work breakdown structure example below: At the top of the work breakdown structure is your final deliverable (in this instance, the commercial project.) A project plan on the other hand is created to allocate project work on the timeline. Powerpoint: Can you use Powerpoint as well? Deliverable-oriented Work breakdown Structure. The purpose of using a Work Breakdown Structure for an activity is to: Although a WBS has a hierarchical decomposition of work, it does not necessarily specify the order of work to be done. This project management tool organizes the activities and lays down an outline or map for a project.
Phase-oriented WBS, Deliverables- Oriented WBS, Cost breakdown, time-phased WBS, profit-center WBS are the different types of WBS. For this article I have evaluated the following tools: All five candidates cost money but Excel and Powerpoint are probably already installed on your PC.
Then I’d love to hear your feedback in a comment below.
Excel won’t automatically re-arrange your structure when inserting new elements. As mentioned earlier, the WBS does not depict the order of activities. Second, the work breakdown structure is also based on the construction methodology that will be used on the project.
Of course the schedule would be very detailed, containing activities around the design, development and testing of our radar: Design radar system, Implement radar system, Radar system test and so on.
Thus, a Work Breakdown Structure doesn’t have to be symmetric or have the same bottom level. To understand what I mean by specific, take this example: Every cruise ship has a number of restaurants. For our cruise ship project, the scope would be defined in some sort of specification for the vessel. This is only possible if your WBS is complete — meaning you have included all deliverables and work packages.
Creating a WBS in Excel is pretty straightforward.
The way a WBS works is you break down your project into smaller, manageable chunks. It should be specified in such a way that the summary of all the activities can be easily done. Bottom-Up Approach: In this approach, the lowest level activities are to be put down first. Can this type of brick bond be used for bearing walls? Which are the highest paying jobs in the civil engineering field? Figure 1 is an example of a Deliverable-Based WBS for building a house. How to rectify the old cement pipeline leakage problem? This deliverable-oriented structure makes an activity manageable and achievable to a greater extent.
I wanted to make the concept of work breakdown structures as clear as possible. It’s good article, thanks
It’s the so-called work breakdown structure or WBS in short. Lost your password? The WBS elements are mapped onto the project plan. An effective work breakdown structure must meet the following criteria: WBS is used for simplifying the complexity of a particular task in a project. Extensive brainstorming has to be done to identify the various levels of efficient WBS. Top-Down Approach: In this approach, the project is divided into sub-projects. Work Breakdown Structure has two main types :1.
Sure. but I can’t stop to think about how do you draw a wbs in power point But not in their original form. [PDF], Tips to Avoid Reinforcement and Embedment Congestion in Concrete Members. Become VIP Member.
This is done until the task can be defined and estimated.
Hi! It also comes with ready to use WBS templates, so you can get started quickly. A cruise ship consists of a million parts and there are thousands of steps needed.
This first example comes courtesy of StakeholderMap.com and shows a WBS for a construction project.
MS Project: MS Project has support for WBS built in.
For example, here I broke down the engine part.
You try to find all the pieces that make up the big picture, and only when you’ve gathered all pieces will the puzzle be complete. You use it to plan your project. [PDF], Project Management Techniques- PERT, CPM and Gantt Chart, How to Estimate Duration of Activities in Construction, How to Choose the Right Earthmoving Equipment?